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What is vision therapy? 

Optometric vision therapy is the part of the optometric care devoted to developing, improving, and enhancing people’s visual performance. It is a process that strengthens the teamwork between the brain and the visual system. 80% of the information interpreted by the brain is processed by the visual system. Learning difficulties may be exhibited if this received information is not translated correctly and efficiently to the brain.

Developing visual skills includes learning to use both eyes together effectively. Having both eyes move, align, fixate, and focus as a team enhances the ability to interpret and understand the potential visual information available. This is the basis of vision therapy.

 How vision therapy will benefit your child…

Vision therapy is designed to improve the skills necessary for focused sustained learning. Athletes, for example use vision therapy for improved performance in their sport. The visual skills that can be developed and enhanced through vision therapy include:

Tracking. The ability to follow a moving objects smoothly and accurately with both eyes, such as a ball in flight or moving vehicles in traffic.

Fixation. The ability to quickly and accurately locate and inspect with both eyes a series of stationary objects, one after another, such as moving from word to word while reading.

Focus Change. The ability to look quickly from far to near and vice versa without momentary blur, such as looking from the chalkboard to a book or from the dashboard to cars in the street.


Depth Perception. The ability to judge relative distances of objects and to see and move accurately in three-dimensional space, such as when hitting a ball or parking a car.

Peripheral Vision. The ability to monitor and interpret what is happening around you while you are attending to a specific central visual task; the ability to use visual information perceived from over a large area.

Binocularity. The ability to use both eyes together, smoothly, equally, simultaneously and accurately.

Maintaining Attention. The ability to perform any particular skill or activity with ease and without interfering with other tasks.

Near Vision Acuity. The ability to clearly see, inspect, identify, and understand objects at near distances, within arm’s length.

Distance Acuity. The ability to clearly see, inspect, identify, and understand objects at a distance. People with 20/20 distance sight still may have visual problems.

Visualization. The ability to form mental images in your “mind’s eye.” Retain or store them for future recall, or for synthesis into new mental images beyond your current or past direct experiences.


Who will your child work with during their vision therapy session? 

Dr. Susan Kim is a licensed developmental optometrist with specialized training in vision therapy techniques. She works with children and adults who have challenges in learning and vision information processing. Dr. Kim also provides care to the autistic community and is part of the network of providers of the Infantsee Program. Dr. Kim examines children as young as 6 months of age.

Through vision therapy, Dr. Kim has improved the quality of life of many patients with visual dysfunctions, such as tracking and focusing problems, that often lead to academic problems in reading and comprehension.

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